Decision-making tool for optimized process operation and mass flow management

The decision-making tool aims to link the inter-dependent treatment components of the WWTP Grevesmühlen. For this reason a simulation model of the WWTP Grevesmühlen was developed in a step-by-step approach, based on a detailed baseline study and operational data analysis. Based on a successful calibration and validation of the simulation model including pre-treatment, aerobic biological treatment, sludge digestion, co-fermentation, thermal hydrolysis and deammonification, optimization potentials will be identified. Subsequently, the findings will be implemented in the full-scale operation of the treatment plant. The verification process includes a detailed measurement campaign before and after implementation of the optimization measures.

Components installed in the solution

Development of a simulation model of the WWTP Grevesmühlen, based on the simulation software SIMBA#.

Operational mode

WWTP Grevesmühlen currently has a capacity of approx. 65,000 PE. The incoming wastewater is characterized by high proportions of industrial discharges (dairy, coffee production). In addition to the biological treatment, based on the activated sludge process, a central sludge treatment forms the core of the plant. Due to additional digestion of sewage sludge from surrounding WWTPs and various co-substrates, the biogas yield is improved/high. Besides a sludge thickening and co-substrate receiving station the plant is equipped with a thermal hydrolysis unit to intensify the digestion processes, aiming to further improve the biogas production and dewatering characteristics of the digested sludge. The sludge liquor is treated in a partial flow treatment, based on a two-stage deammonification to significantly reduce the nitrogen load. The complex overall system allows an energy-efficient treatment of wastewater without compromising the effluent quality.

The developed simulation model will serve as a tool to indentify optimization potential of the WWTP with regard to energy efficiency and treatment performance. For instance the treatment efficiency of the primary clarifier has an positive impact on the gas production by anaerobic digestion (increased volume of primary sludge) meanwhile the amount of easy degradable carbon, which is needed for the downstream denitrification get reduces, which could lead to higher concentrations of nitrogen in the effluent of the WWTP.

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